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Research paper introduction about global warming

Research paper global warming introduction
It has been constantly hotter than the same data shows, the hottest years have all been since 1998:rank1 = warmest1880–2014yearanomaly °canomaly °fsource: noaa national climatic data center, state of the climate: global analysis for annual 2014, published online december 2014, retrieved on january 25, 2015120140.691.242 (tie)20100.651.172 (tie)20050.651.17419980.631.135 (tie)20130.621.125 (tie)20030.621.12720020.611.10820060.601.089 (tie)20090.591.069 (tie)20070.591.06back to topwhat are the impacts of global warming?for decades, greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide have been increasing in the atmosphere.

Research paper introduction of global warming

He asserts that the evidence is still in favor of the fact that, sooner or later, a serious warming of the climate will , y, using temperature records from the period of 1979 through 1990, showed a global trend of only +0.04 degrees celsius per decade (michaels, 1566).Global warming may spawn more super-storms”, inter press service (ips) iewing a biological oceanography professor at harvard university, ips notes that the world’s oceans are approaching 27 degrees c or warmer during the in the lead up to important global climate talks at the end of 2009, some delegates are skeptical that temperature rises can be contained to a 2°c rise (or c0 2 levels of 350 ppm ).on october 22, 2009, the british government and the uk’s met office (uk’s national weather service) unveiled a new map, showing what would happen if we allowed average global temperatures to increase to 4°c above pre-industrial levels (the high end of the un ipcc projections):the impact of a global temperature rise of 4ºc (7 ºf), uk met office, october 22, 2009in short, we would not be able to cope with a 4°c average the met office noted,the poster shows that a four degree average rise will not be spread uniformly across the globe. Climate change in the context of this paper refers to changes that result from human activities, especially as these changes relate to the issue of global of the national center for atmospheric research in boulder, colorado has written an article called "response to skeptics of global warming" in which he responds to many of the objections that have been raised against global currently works as a program evaluator with the center for science and mathematics program improvement (sampi) at western michigan university.].Global warming: an researchers, scientists, and environmentalists are expressing concerns about changes in the overall climate of the , graph modified to add the zoomed in portion highlighting the area skeptics use to claim climate change has stopped.].The next graph is an animation from skeptical science showing how time-frames to interpret climate data is significant:Source: the escalator, skeptical science, last accessed october 19, further information on the above see also does the global warming “pause” mean what you think it means?, from skeptical global warming is going into the oceansas this infographic shows, most of the warming is going into the oceans:As john cook, creator of the graphic above says (see above link), “just as it takes time for a cup of coffee to release heat into the air, so to it takes time for the ocean to release its heat into the atmosphere.”.the implications of this is further explained with inter press service’s freezer analogy: the world’s northern freezer is on rapid defrost as large volumes of warm water are pouring into the arctic ocean, speeding the melt of sea , as this chart also shows, the warming in the oceans has been occurring for quite some time:Source: john cook, the earth continues to build up heat, skeptical science, october 12, of john bruno’s colleagues, ove hoegh-guldberg, talks about the impact climate change will have on ocean assert that concerns about global warming have been blown well out of proportion by the media.

Has emitted a cumulative total of roughly 50.7 billion tons of carbon, while china (4.6 times more populous) and india (3.5 times more populous) have emitted only 15.7 and 4.2 billion tons respectively (although their numbers will rise).annually, more than 60 percent of global industrial carbon dioxide emissions originate in industrialized countries, where only about 20 percent of the world’s population of the growth in emissions in developing countries results from the provision of basic human needs for growing populations, while emissions in industrialized countries contribute to growth in a standard of living that is already far above that of the average person author wrote that there is "...general agreement that increasing carbon dioxide will produce warming due to its ability to absorb in the infrared radiation" (lindzen, 289).There are studies that have indicated that no significant change in the overall global climate has yet taken place.I have not yet had the time to update this paper to include research conducted over the last , there are many other crucial issues that affect agriculture, such as poverty, political and economic causes of world hunger, global trade policies (which create unequal trade and affect the poorest countries the most), irin’s videos on climate change impacts in africa and asia for more short face brunt of climate change impactsit is recognized that poorer nations will suffer the worst from climate change, either because of geographical reasons, and/or because they will have less resources to cope with a problem (mostly caused by emissions from rich countries over the past decades).in addition to poor countries, women are likely to suffer the worst, as the united nations population fund explains:women—particularly those in poor countries—will be affected differently than reader may wish to look elsewhere for a summary of more recent research.[about the author: robert j.

Some believe that a dramatically dangerous warming is taking place in the overall global climate, a problem that is referred to as "global warming." this paper will attempt to explore this very e is defined as the analysis of accumulated weather data for long term patterns and studies showed that the northern hemisphere has had no significant warming, while the southern hemisphere has had a slight temperature increase in the order of 0.2 degrees celsius since the 1950's (michaels, 1566).Major crop losses and lack of drinking water created severe problems for local tem impactswith global warming on the increase and species’ habitats on the decrease, the chances for various ecosystems to adapt naturally are studies have pointed out that the rates of extinction of animal and plant species, and the temperature changes around the world since the industrial revolution, have been significantly different to normal analysis of population trends, climate change, increasing pollution and emerging diseases found that 40 percent of deaths in the world could be attributed to environmental suurkula, paper will attempt to address this concern by analyzing some of the scientific studies that have been published in major meteorology atmosphere consists of many warming: a reduced threat?" bulletin american meteorology society.

If global warming is indeed happening, it is the greenhouse gas effect that is believed to be the most are some scientists who do not believe that there is enough evidence to support the idea of global warming.A warming planet is actually consistent with increasing cold, increasing rain and other extremes, as an overall warmer planet changes weather patterns everywhere at all times of the get an idea of how looking at short term changes only can lead to a conclusion that global warming has stopped, or doesn’t exist, see alden griffith’s has global warming stopped?(as an aside, those crying foul of global warming claims when going through extremely cold weather in europe for example in 2010, later found their summers to be full of heat global warming is indeed happening, it is the greenhouse gas effect that is believed to be the most are some scientists who do not believe that there is enough evidence to support the idea of global was “extremely likely that human influence has been the dominant cause of the observed warming since the mid-20th century”, as summarized by the their fifth report started to come out, a number of climate skeptics and media outlets were arguing that the slowdown shown in surface temperatures in recent years proved global warming had stopped or se to skeptics of global warming." bulletin american meteorology society. How to write a good history dissertation conclusion

This body is comprised of hundreds of climate scientists around the the beginning of january 2007, the ipcc’s fourth major report summarized that they were even more certain than before of human-induced climate change because of better scientific understanding:global atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide have increased markedly as a result of human activities since 1750 and now far exceed pre-industrial values determined from ice cores spanning many thousands of 620 expert reviewers and a large number of government reviewers also participated, according to the ipcc’s media inter press service notes, although the ipcc has become the “gold standard” for global scientific collaboration, their reports are inherently conservative:the ipcc operates under the world meteorological organisation (wmo) and the united nations environment programme (unep) and does not fund any research studies showed that the northern hemisphere has had no significant warming, while the southern hemisphere has had a slight temperature increase in the order of 0.2 degrees celsius since the 1950's (michaels, 1566).He currently works as a program evaluator with the center for science and mathematics program improvement (sampi) at western michigan university.].Global warming: an researchers, scientists, and environmentalists are expressing concerns about changes in the overall climate of the 2000s were warmer still.— past decade warmest on record according to scientists in 48 countries, national ocean and atmospheric administration (noaa), july 28, 2010at the end of the 1990s, the world meteorological organization (wmo) had noted that not only was the 1990s the warmest decade but at the time, the 1900s was the warmest century during the last 1,000 is the rapid pace at which the temperature will rise that will result in many negative impacts to humans and the environment and this why there is such a world-wide average global temperature change can have a big impactclimate scientists admit that the chances of the world keeping average global temperature at current levels are not going to be possible (humanity has done little to address things in the past couple of decades that these concerns have been known about).so, now, there is a push to contain temperature rises to an average 2°c increase (as an average, this means some regions may get higher temperatures and others, lower).even just a 2°c increase can have impacts around the world to biodiversity, agriculture, the oceans etc (detailed further below). How long is a literature review for a dissertation

Kellog suggests that the reason that we have not seen a change as of yet in the overall warming is because of a temperature lag of several decades "...due in large part to the large heat capacity of the oceans of the world" (kellog, 500).This paper will attempt to address this concern by analyzing some of the scientific studies that have been published in major meteorology atmosphere consists of many ology today: an introduction to weather, climate, and the environment, 5th paper was written in 1999 and focuses on research done in the early to mid 1990' actual negative forcing in the hemisphere that contains most of the world's population" (michaels, 1573).This lead to the obvious question of whether or not the lack of a significant increase in global temperature should be taken as evidence that we should not be concerned about the issue.

The point here is that a specific short period such as a cold winter — or even a hot summer — is not proof alone that global warming has stopped (or increased); short term variability can mask longer term trends.)this means, for example, increasing temperatures can actually mean more snowfall — at least until it becomes too warm for significant snowfall to additional concern, as meteorology professor scott mandia explains, it can take decades for the climate temperatures to increase in response to increased greenhouse gas believe that a dramatically dangerous warming is taking place in the overall global climate, a problem that is referred to as "global warming." this paper will attempt to explore this very e is defined as the analysis of accumulated weather data for long term patterns and s, global warming and cold winters, skeptical science, january 15, 20112014 warmest year since records begannasa’s giss surface temperature analysis graph shown earlier (from 1800 to 2014) shows that temperature anomalies since 1980 have all been positive; points out that "...five or so of the most advanced climate models, developed over a period of many years by top notch teams, have all come to essentially the same conclusion: the global average surface temperature would probably rise by about 2 to 5 k if the greenhouse gas concentration were maintained at double the pre-industrial revolution level" (kellog, 500).This is on top of the already declining ocean biodiversity that has been happening for a few decades, ists now believe that ocean acidification is unparalleled in the last 300 million years, “raising the possibility that we are entering an unknown territory of marine ecosystem change.”increase in pests and diseasean increase in pests and disease is also feared.a report in the journal science in june 2002 described the alarming increase in the outbreaks and epidemics of diseases throughout the land and ocean based wildlife due to climate of the authors points out that, “climate change is disrupting natural ecosystems in a way that is making life better for infectious diseases.”failing agricultural output; increase in world hungerthe guardian summarizes a united nations warning that, “one in six countries in the world face food shortages this year because of severe droughts that could become semi-permanent under climate change.”drought and desertification are starting to spread and intensify in some parts of the world lture and livelihoods are already being affectedfailing agriculture in the future have long been and global warming, sciencentral, january 7, g to 2100, scientists who looked at projections of global warming’s impact on the average temperatures during the growing season fear that rising temperatures will have a significant impact upon crop yields, most noticeably in the tropics and sub warm weather can often be good for some crops, hotter than average temperatures for the entire season is often not good for would affect at least half the world’s population that either live in the region or rely on food coming from that (integrated regional information networks), part of the united nations, has produced a series of short videos showing how some regions are already being affected by climate change and are trying to adapt as a result:changing cropsmelting glaciersworsening floodscreeping desertschanging cropsone example is farmers in nepal finding that cultivating rice isn’t as productive as before, and are changing to other crops as a result:swapping crops — climate change, irin, june 28, g glaciersin the himalayas, melting glaciers means less water for local villages:melting glaciers — climate change, irin, june 25, 2009.(south asia in general is also seriously affected by rapidly retreating himalayan glaciers which feed the mighty rivers that have created the various south asian civilizations.)worsening floodsin mozambique, rains are becoming heavier and causing floods, which affect crops and people’s livelihoods as they are displaced and have to change their way of life ng rivers in mozambique, irin, january 21, is feared that globally, there will be mass migrations in the future as climate change makes conditions worse in some regions of the world, and these challenges will play itself out on a much larger scale, with much more human movement.

Nasa, accessed october 27, well as the links above, see also skeptical science, which, while examining the arguments of global warming skepticism, provides information on causes of anthropogenic global ’t recent record cold weather disprove global warming?in different parts of the world, there have been various weather events that at first thought would question global paper was written in 1999 and focuses on research done in the early to mid 1990' actual negative forcing in the hemisphere that contains most of the world's population" (michaels, 1573).This lead to the obvious question of whether or not the lack of a significant increase in global temperature should be taken as evidence that we should not be concerned about the author wrote that there is "...general agreement that increasing carbon dioxide will produce warming due to its ability to absorb in the infrared radiation" (lindzen, 289).There are studies that have indicated that no significant change in the overall global climate has yet taken asserts that the evidence is still in favor of the fact that, sooner or later, a serious warming of the climate will , c. However, it remains the largest emitter when measured in terms of emissions per to its much longer period of industrialization, the us has emitted far more into the atmosphere than china (greenhouse gases such as co2 linger on in the atmosphere for decades).in addition, the us:accounts for roughly four percent of the world’s population;accounts for approximately 20% of global emissions and some 40% of industrialized country emissions;the previously 15-member european union is also large emitterthe previously 15 member-nations european union (e.u.), if considered as a whole (for it is more comparable to the u.s.):accounts for roughly 3 percent of the world’s population;accounts for around 10% of global emissions and 24% of industrialized countries’ man-made emissions of the six main gases;recent years have seen a reduction in emissions from those initial 15-member e change in the context of this paper refers to changes that result from human activities, especially as these changes relate to the issue of global warming: a reduced threat?" bulletin american meteorology ’re in an era of unprecedented extreme weather events,” mccarthy ical weather patterns are becoming less useful for predicting the future conditions because global warming is changing ocean and atmospheric conditions.“in 30 to 50 years’ time, the earth’s weather generating system will be entirely different,” he predicted.— stephen leahy, global warming may spawn more super-storms, inter press service, september 20, 2004extreme weather events on the increaselooking at 2010 as a whole year revealed a variety of extreme weather reader may wish to look elsewhere for a summary of more recent research.[about the author: robert j. Need help writing a good thesis statement

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It is believed that this could eventually increase the average overall global dioxide "...is considered the trace gas of greatest importance because of the substantial increase in its atmospheric concentration as well as its probable continued rise due to global consumption of fossil fuels" (rhodes, 116).Salmons also has a post at skeptical science that explains the impact of warming arctic’s relation to the very cold recent winters further, using the following nasa map:Source: giss surface temperature analysis, nasa goddard institute for space studies, accessed january 30, salmons explains,the arctic has been heating up, and studies show that is happening at two to three times the global coolness concerning global warming." bulletin american meteorology the global biodiversity outlook report explains, the water is some 30% more acidic than pre-industrial times, depleting carbonate ions — the building blocks for many marine addition, “concentrations of carbonate ions are now lower than at any time during the last 800,000 is believed that this could eventually increase the average overall global dioxide "...is considered the trace gas of greatest importance because of the substantial increase in its atmospheric concentration as well as its probable continued rise due to global consumption of fossil fuels" (rhodes, 116). Trinity college thesis binding | Global warming: an introductionby robert suggests that the reason that we have not seen a change as of yet in the overall warming is because of a temperature lag of several decades "...due in large part to the large heat capacity of the oceans of the world" (kellog, 500).Those observations and conclusions note that global warming will lead to the following situations, amongst others:rapid global heating according to a us national academy of science warning;dramatic increase in greenhouse gas emissions;ozone loss aggravated by global warming;ozone loss likely to aggravate global warming;warming of the oceans leads to increased green house gasses;permafrost thawing will aggravate global warming;oceanic changes observed that may aggravate the situation;a vicious circle whereby each problem will exacerbate other problems which will feedback into each other;massive extinction of species will aggravate the environmental crisis;sudden collapse of biological and ecological systems may occur, but will have a very slow recovery;while effective measures can decrease global warming and other problems the world community has repeatedly failed to establish “vicious circle” suurkula refers to is worth expanding.I have not yet had the time to update this paper to include research conducted over the last the same time, other scientists assert that there is sufficient evidence to suggest that industrial activities, automobile emissions, and technological pollutants may eventually result in dangerous (and even deadly) trends in the overall global climate. Thesis paper on gay marriage | Meteorology today: an introduction to weather, climate, and the environment, 5th coolness concerning global warming." bulletin american meteorology his own words, but slightly reformatted:the ongoing accumulation of greenhouse gasses causes increasing global causes a more extensive destruction of ozone in the polar regions because of accentuated stratospheric increase of ozone destruction increases the uv-radiation that, combined with higher ocean temperature, causes a reduction of the gigantic carbon dioxide trapping mechanism of the oceanic phytoplankton biomass;this accentuates the warming the warming has reached a certain level, it will release huge amounts of greenhouse gasses trapped in the will enhance the global warming, and the polar destruction of ozone, and so observed decrease of the thermohaline circulation [the various streams that transport warm and cold waters around the world and therefore has an important stabilizing effect on world climate] further aggravates the is a global self-reinforcing vicious circle accelerating the global warming.— jaan suurkula, world-wide cooperation required to prevent global crisis; part one—the problem, physicians and scientists for responsible application of science and technology, february 6, 2004rising sea levelswater expands when heated, and sea levels are expected to rise due to climate of the national center for atmospheric research in boulder, colorado has written an article called "response to skeptics of global warming" in which he responds to many of the objections that have been raised against global would effectively cut off the gulf stream that brings warmth from the gulf of mexico, keeping countries such as britain warmer than expected;in south asia, the himalayan glaciers could retreat causing water scarcity in the long many environmental groups have been warning about extreme weather conditions for a few years, the world meteorological organization announced in july 2003 that “recent scientific assessments indicate that, as the global temperatures continue to warm due to climate change, the number and intensity of extreme events might increase.”the wmo also notes that “new record extreme events occur every year somewhere in the globe, but in recent years the number of such extremes have been increasing.” (the wmo limits the definition of extreme events to high temperatures, low temperatures and high rainfall amounts and droughts.) the u.k’s independent newspaper described the wmo’s announcement as “unprecedented” and “astonishing” because it came from a respected united nations organization not an environmental group!super-stormsmentioned further above was the concern that more hurricanes could result. Phd thesis list of publications | Christy, using temperature records from the period of 1979 through 1990, showed a global trend of only +0.04 degrees celsius per decade (michaels, 1566).Examples of human-induced causes of climate change include industrial pollutants and fossil fuels (rhodes, 116), warming of average annual temperatures due to urbanization (eichenlaub, 163), and changes in the earth's albedo due to deforestation of tropical rainforests (geiger, 320).The global increases in carbon dioxide concentration are due primarily to fossil fuel use and land-use change, while those of methane and nitrous oxide are primarily due to agriculture.… the understanding of anthropogenic warming and cooling influences on climate has improved since the third assessment report (tar), leading to very high confidence that the globally averaged net effect of human activities since 1750 has been one of of the observed increase in globally averaged temperatures since the mid-20th century is very likely due to the observed increase in anthropogenic greenhouse gas concentrations.— climate change 2007: the physical science basis; summary for policymakers , ipcc, february 5th, 2007 [emphasis is original]their definition of “very high confidence” and “very likely” is a 90% chance of being ’t warmer weather be nicer for everyone?rapid changes in global temperatureincreased greenhouse gases and the greenhouse effect has contributed to an overall warming of the earth’s climate, leading to a global warming (even though some regions may experience cooling, or wetter weather, while the temperature of the planet on average would rise).consider also the following:while year-to-year changes in temperature often reflect natural climatic variations such as el niño/la niña events, changes in average temperature from decade-to-decade reveal long-term trends such as global warming.A panel of climate and weather experts ranked the top 10 global weather/climate events of 2010 which included heat waves to droughts to negative arctic oscillation (a climate pattern where cold arctic air slides south while warmer air moves north, bringing snow storms and record cold temperatures to much of the northern hemisphere) show that a variety of weather events can occur as a result of changing climate:top ten global weather/climate events of 2010rankeventwhen occurreddescriptionsource: top ten global weather/climate events of 2010 national climatic data center, noaa, december 2010these lists were compiled and voted on during the first week of december.


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